The propagation of actinidia kolomikta
You can propagate the actinidia by seeds or by cuttings sometimes. We can get seeds from the ripe fruit, you should dry they and take in bags (preferably nylon), then they have to lie in the wet sand at a temperature no higher than 20 degrees, so that the seed will ripen faster. Than they must lie 60 days at a lower temperature around 0 degrees.
It should take about 4 years from the seeding to the planting at a permanent area. When the seed was soaked to its peak, you must propagate the seeds in the boxes or to a small hothouse, but in a shady area and to water 4-5 times a week. After that, you need to dive the plant into the boxes, with the arrival of the next spring you need to plant it in the nursery, and when the actinidia is the age of three you can safely replant it to a permanent area.
The tree, in our case is actinidia kolomikta or chinese, starts actively to give the fruits after 6-7 years after planting.
You need to dive the annual trees in a special box, in the beginning of August you send they into the fresh air, during this period, it is desirable to wrap up their with leaves for the winter.
With the method of the graftage, the propagation of actinidia chinese or kolomikta is not complicate. It is necessary to cut the cuttings of green shoots, leaving the three eye,to this time the hothouse should be prepared to accept the plant, it is better to do it in the morning. You should cover the wounds of cuttings with calx, ut is the mandatory procedure. It isn’t less important to shade it with the straw. We need to do the watering 3 times a day. A month after the appearing of the first roots, we should accustom they to the conditions of the outside surroundings, and then you take off the frame and produce the complete hardening of the plant. In the autumn you’ll notice that the roots have taken root and sprouts from 4 to 10 centimeters.
It is important to know that when we do graftage of the hardened sprouts at hothouse, you need to prepare they during the autumn cutting. So that the height of the shoot should be at least 80 centimeters. You should dig a special pit for storage of the shoots to a depth of 25 centimeters. Just before the planting, it appears there for about three or four eyes, you need to plant it in early March in a hothouse. You should plant them in the moist sand and water a lot.
By the middle of May the young sprouts will be 6-8 centimeters, for the better root growing, you need to cut the tops and put in the nurseries, so that they will grown.
Before the age of two the plant needs protection of shadow, so that you can put the frame and shade them.
The preparation of the soil. The soil should be well fertilized with organic fertilizers, phosphorus and potassium, you should put all fertilizers in the pit (with the depth of no more than 30 centimeters) during the planting.